Studies 7

Cavendish

The Experimental Life (Second revised edition 2016)

Christa Jungnickel, Russell McCormmach

 

Submitted by: Jed Z. Buchwald

Click on the entries in the Table of Contents below to download individual chapters.

ISBN: 978-3-945561-06-5
Price: 31,90 € | 596 p.
Print on Demand: pro-business.com
Publication Date: Sept. 27, 2016

Key entries in boldface

A 

Royal Society
1 2 3 4

Society of Arts
1 2

industry
1

ascendancy
1 2 3

conditions of life
1

duty of service
1 2 3

industry
1

landed power
1

politics
1

science
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

1 2 3

and classics
1

B 

1 2

Royal Society
1 2 3

founding
1 2 3 4

standing committee
1 2 3

trustees
1 2

C 

Cavendish Physical Laboratory
1

Newton’s influence
1 2

Peterhouse, (Fig. 6.2, 126)
1 2

Revolution of 1688–89
1

Scientific Revolution
1

examinations
1 2

fellows, tutors, lecturers
1 2

mathematics and physical science
1 2 3

professors of mathematics and science
1 2

scientists
1 2 3

students
1 2

1 2 3

accuracy
1

acids
1

affinities
1 2 3 4

affinity tables
1 2

analytical
1

anti-phlogistic chemistry, Chemical Revolution
1 2

arsenic
1 2

as a science
1

as part of natural philosophy
1

atomic theory
1 2

attraction, repulsion of particles
1 2

calcination
1

caloric
1

calorimetry
1

combustion
1

common air
1 2 3 4

definite and multiple proportions
1

dephlogisticated air
1 2 3 4

elements
1

equivalent weights and standards
1 2 3

eudiometer
1 2

experimental techniques
1 2

factitious air
1 2 3

fixed air
1

gaseous state
1

heat in chemical changes
1 2 3 4 5

inflammable air
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

instruments, (Figs. 8.1–8.2, 172)
1

laboratory
1 2

matter, quantity of
1

mineral water
1 2

neutral salts
1 2 3

nitrous acid
1 2

nitrous air
1 2

nomenclature
1 2 3

phlogisticated air
1 2 3

phlogistication
1 2

phlogiston
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

physical approach to chemistry
1 2 3

pneumatic chemistry
1 2 3

practice
1

principles
1 2

tartar
1

theory
1 2

water as a compound
1

water controversy
1

water generation
1 2

water synthesis
1

weighing and measuring
1 2 3 4

E 

Anglo-French triangulation
1 2

atmosphere, composition of
1 2 3 4

auroras
1

climates, mean heat by wells and springs
1

earthquakes
1 2

geological journeys
1 2

heights of mountains
1 2

industrial uses of
1 2

magnetism
1 2 3

mean density of
1 2

minerals and ores
1 2

motion
1

navigation and sea voyages
1 2 3 4 5 6

shape
1 2

strata
1 2

weather
1 2 3 4 5 6

1

Leiden jars
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

analogy with chemistry
1

analogy with light
1

analogy with mechanics
1

analogy with sound propagation
1

animal electricity
1 2

capacities
1 2

compression of electric fluid, degree of electrification
1

electric fluid
1 2

electrical machine and battery
1 2

electrometers
1 2

errors and accuracy
1 2

heat generated
1

imponderable fluid
1 2

law of electric force
1 2 3

lightning
1 2

most active field
1

nature, principles, and laws of
1

quantity of electric fluid
1

resistances, conductivities
1 2

sparking chemical mixtures
1 2

standards
1 2

truth of the theory
1 2 3

chemistry
1 2

collaboration
1

electricity
1 2

errors of observers, instruments, and theories
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

heat
1 2 3 4

independent observations
1 2

instruments
1 2 3 4

meaning of “experiment”
1

quantitative
1 2 3 4 5 6

reciprocal and constant proportions
1 2

reliability, accuracy, precision, exactness
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

repeatability of experiments
1 2 3

senses
1 2

standards, measures, equivalences
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

F 

H 

as a material fluid
1 2 3 4 5 6

as energy
1 2 3

as motion
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

boiling, theory of
1 2

change of state
1 2 3 4 5 6

chemical reactions
1 2 3

conservation of energy
1 2

electricity
1

equilibrium of mixtures of unequally heated bodies
1 2

expansion
1 2

experiments on
1 2 3 4 5 6

extreme natural and artificial cold
1 2 3 4

friction and hammering
1

importance of
1

latent and specific
1 2 3 4 5

light
1 2 3 4

mechanical equivalent of
1 2

mechanical theory of
1 2 3 4 5

mercury, freezing of
1 2

quantitative science
1

radiant
1

rates of heating and cooling
1 2

thermometers and related apparatus
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

weight of
1 2 3

I 

1

air pump
1 2

astronomical
1 2

chemical balance
1 2

clocks
1

coinage apparatus
1

dividing instruments
1 2

electrical instruments and apparatus
1 2

eudiometer
1 2

examining and comparing
1 2

factitious air
1 2

heat
1

instrument makers
1 2 3

laboratory, various
1 2

magnetic
1 2

marine chronometers
1

mathematical
1

means of discovery
1 2

meteorological and magnetic instruments
1 2 3

musical
1

pneumatic chemistry
1 2 3

rods
1

sense organs
1 2 3

sensitivity, accuracy, precision
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

telescopes
1 2

theodolite
1

thermometers
1 2 3

torsion balance
1 2

uniform method
1 2 3

L 

Henry Cavendish’s familiar destinations, (Figs. 11.15–11.16)
1 2

attraction to Charles and Henry Cavendish
1 2 3 4

M 

algebra
1

fluxions
1 2 3 4

of the English natural philosopher
1

probability
1

reasoning tool
1

N 

P 

Revolution of 1688–89 and aftermath
1 2 3

Royal Society
1 2

national
1 2 3

R 

1

Royal Society
1

founding
1

object of
1 2

subscribers, managers, and committees
1 2

1

Anglo-French triangulation
1 2

British Museum
1 2

Copley Medal
1

Crane Court
1 2

Hudson’s Bay
1 2 3 4

London
1

Newton’s presence and influence
1

Philosophical Transactions
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Society of Antiquaries
1 2

Society of Arts
1

Somerset House, (Fig. 10.4, 254)
1

Westminster Bridge
1

aristocrats
1 2 3

attraction of mountains, (Figs. 10.2–10.3, 249, 438)
1 2 3

committee of papers
1 2

committees
1

councils
1 2 3

criticism and defense of Newton
1

dissensions
1 2

exactness rewarded
1

guests
1

in the 1720s
1 2

lightning protection
1

masters of the Mint
1

officers
1 2 3

plain language
1 2

practical science
1 2 3 4 5 6

quality of
1

recommendations, elections, membership
1 2 3 4 5 6

reports of violent events
1 2

science around 1727
1 2

science around 1750
1 2

standards
1 2 3

transits of Venus, (Fig. 10.1, 246)
1 2 3

voyages of discovery
1 2

weather recording
1 2

S 

T 

Newton’s authority
1

Philosophical Transactions
1

analogies
1 2 3 4 5 6

astronomy
1

chemistry
1 2 3

criteria of a good theory
1

electricity
1 2

ether
1

geology
1

heat
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

hypotheses
1 2 3 4 5 6

imponderable fluids
1

light
1 2

mechanics
1 2 3

music
1

reasonableness of
1

understanding nature
1 2

W