Studies 7

Cavendish

The Experimental Life (Second revised edition 2016)

Christa Jungnickel, Russell McCormmach

 

Submitted by: Jed Z. Buchwald

Click on the entries in the Table of Contents below to download individual chapters.

ISBN: 978-3-945561-06-5
Price: 31,90 € | 596 p.
Print on Demand: pro-business.com
Publication Date: Sept. 27, 2016

A 

on biography
1

electrical theory and experiments
1 2

frozen mercury
1

1 2

Royal Society Club
1

dissensions at the Royal Society
1

1 2 3

Cavendish’s trustee
1 2

Monday Club
1

Royal Society
1 2

accuracy and error
1 2 3

astronomical observatory
1 2 3

astronomy
1

balloons
1

dissensions at the Royal Society
1

meteorological instruments
1

serving science
1

telescopes
1

view of Cavendish
1

view of Henry Cavendish
1 2

B 

mechanical calculating machine
1 2

club meeting on the Strand
1

Society of Arts
1

1 2 3

Anglo-French triangulation
1 2

British Museum
1

Cavendish’s papers
1

Charles Blagden, relations with
1 2 3 4

Gregory mine
1

Institute of France
1

Philosophical Transactions
1

Royal Institution
1 2

Society of Antiquaries
1

coinage
1 2

conversaziones
1

excise duty
1

library
1

national politics
1 2

opinion of Henry Cavendish
1 2

political dissensions at the Royal Society
1 2

president of the Royal Society
1 2 3 4

promoting science
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

Society of Antiquaries
1

1 2 3

view of Henry Cavendish
1

approach to chemistry
1

gravitation as chemical force
1 2

observations in the far North
1

transit of Venus in 1769
1

Cambridge
1

1

affinity table
1 2

electricity
1

gravitation as chemical force
1 2 3

mineral water
1

1

biography of Henry Cavendish
1

view of Henry Cavendish
1

1

new chemistry
1 2

phlogiston
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

view of Henry Cavendish
1

encyclopedia article on Henry Cavendish
1 2

opinion of Henry Cavendish
1 2

1

British Museum
1

Rawthmell’s Coffee-House
1

Royal Society
1 2 3

Royal Society Club
1 2

Society of Antiquaries
1

Wrest Park
1

friendship with Lord Charles Cavendish
1 2 3 4

guest at Lord Charles Cavendish’s
1 2

patronized by the first and second earls of Hardwicke
1 2

recommended Henry Cavendish for F.R.S.
1

scientific activities
1 2

1 2 3

dividing instruments
1

1 2 3 4

affinity table
1

approach to chemistry
1 2 3

balloons
1 2

chemical attraction
1

comparison with Cavendish
1 2

fixed air
1 2 3

freezing point of mercury
1

heat theory
1 2

heat, importance of
1

heat, quantitative study of
1

latent and specific heats
1 2 3 4

lectures
1

phlogiston
1

pneumatic chemistry as a field
1

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Anglo-French triangulation
1 2

Bedford Square house
1

Cavendish’s death
1

Cavendish’s library
1

Cavendish’s papers
1

Cavendish’s seclusion from early life
1

Cavendish’s trustee
1

Chemical Revolution
1 2

Continental tour
1 2

Copley Medal
1

Institute of France
1

Monday Club
1

Royal Institution
1

Royal Society
1 2

Royal Society dissensions
1 2 3 4

Royal Society secretary
1 2 3

annuity
1 2

assisted by Cavendish in his scientific work
1

association with Henry Cavendish
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

balloons
1 2

break with Cavendish
1 2 3 4 5 6

chemical nomenclature
1

copiousness and precision
1

dependence on and conflict with Joseph Banks
1 2 3 4 5

encouraged by Cavendish to practice medicine
1 2

excise duty on alcoholic beverages
1 2

foreign science and scientists, knowledge of
1

formal manner
1

freezing point of mercury
1

friendship with Georgiana, duchess of Devonshire
1 2

heat
1 2 3

instruments
1 2

journeys with Cavendish
1 2 3

languages
1 2

legacy from Henry Cavendish
1

move from medical career to science
1 2

moving Henry Cavendish’s house
1

national politics
1 2

not a man of genius
1

opinion of Henry Cavendish
1 2 3

phlogistic versus anti-phlogistic chemistry
1 2 3

physician
1 2 3

routine
1

scientific researches
1

student and friend of William Cullen’s
1

traveler
1 2

water controversy
1 2 3

Henry Cavendish’s guest at the Royal Society Club
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

1 2 3 4

chemical affinities
1

consulted by Lord Charles and Lady Anne Cavendish
1

doctrine of elementary fire
1

physical approach to chemistry
1

textbooks
1 2

opinion of Henry Cavendish
1

1 2

particles and forces, view of matter
1 2 3 4

transit of Venus in 1769
1

1

heights of mountains
1

1 2

Boyle’s law
1

aristocrat in science
1 2

experiments on air
1

physical approach to chemistry
1

pneumatic chemistry, a field
1

related to the Cavendishes
1

1

Royal Society
1 2

aberration of light
1

astronomer royal
1

collaboration with Lord Macclesfield
1

examination of instruments
1

proposed Henry Cavendish for F.R.S.
1

supported by Lord Charles Cavendish for astronomer royal
1

value of instruments
1 2

Society for the Improvement of Animal Chemistry
1

frozen mercury
1 2

1

Society for the Improvement of Animal Chemistry
1

scientific biographies
1

view of Henry Cavendish
1

Cavendish as an honorable man
1

firedamp
1 2 3

mineral water
1 2

pneumatic chemistry as a field
1 2

salt-making
1

Royal Society
1 2 3 4

Royal Society Club
1

Society of Antiquaries
1 2

C 

pupil of Thomas Wright’s
1

1 2

Aepinus
1

Henry Cavendish
1 2

Royal Society
1 2 3

compressibility of water, and Copley Medal
1 2

electrical researches
1 2 3

magnetism
1

1

eudiometer
1 2

evaporation
1

heat and light
1

heat as a material fluid
1

pneumatic chemistry as a field
1 2

birth of first child, Henry
1

death
1

examined by Herman Boerhaave
1

illness
1 2 3 4

marriage to Lord Charles Cavendish
1

second child, Frederick
1

scientific interests
1

1

Académie de Calvin, Geneva
1

Académie d’exercises, Lunéville
1 2

British Museum
1 2 3 4

Copley Medal
1 2

Eton
1 2

Foundling Hospital
1 2

Gentlemen of the Bedchamber to Frederick, Prince of Wales
1 2

Great Marlborough Street house, (Figs. 4.4–4.5)
1 2

Greenwich Royal Observatory visitations
1

Grosvenor Square house
1

Harrison’s marine chronometers
1

Holker Hall
1 2

House of Commons
1 2 3

Lowther executorships, inheritances, and lawsuit
1 2

Mitre Tavern
1

Putteridge manor
1

Rawthmell’s Coffee-House
1

Robert Walpole
1

Royal Society
1 2

Royal Society Club
1 2

Royal Society library inspector
1 2

Royal Society’s standard weights and measures
1 2

Society of Arts
1

Society of Free British Fisheries
1 2

Westminster Bridge
1 2

aristocrat in science
1 2 3 4

astronomical observations made with his son Henry
1

astronomical observations with Bradley
1

auditor of the Royal Society treasurer’s accounts
1

birth
1

bringing Henry as guest to the Royal Society
1

calculations of errors of time for Ludlam
1

club meeting on the Strand
1

clubs
1 2

committee of papers
1 2 3

council member and vice president of the Royal Society
1 2

country properties in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire
1 2 3

dedication to the Royal Society
1 2 3 4 5

draining of the fens
1

duty of service
1 2

early homes
1

electrical conduction across the River Thames
1

electrical conduction through a vacuum
1

electrical conductivity of heated glass
1

experiments on water, vapor, steam, mercury, heat, and capillarity
1 2 3 4

family relationships
1 2

grand tour
1 2 3

health and death
1

host of dinners
1 2

income
1 2

inheritance from his first cousin Elizabeth
1

introducing Henry to his social circle
1 2 3

library
1 2

maintenance of his son Frederick
1 2

marriage to Lady Anne de Grey
1

mathematical student of Abraham De Moivre’s
1 2

meteorological observations
1

overseeing Henry’s education
1 2

papers
1

proposed by William Jones for F.R.S.
1

public service
1

recommendations of candidates for F.R.S.
1 2

repetition of John Canton’s experiments on the compressibility of water
1 2

residence in Nice
1

shipwreck
1 2

social circle
1 2

supporting Henry’s scientific direction
1 2

thermometers, (Fig. 5.8, 117)
1 2 3 4

transit of Venus in 1761
1

turnpikes
1

urged to become president of the Royal Society
1

vestry of St. James, Westminster
1

visits to the Grey family
1 2

wealth
1

will
1

1

legacy to Lord Charles Cavendish
1 2 3

marriage to Richard Chandler (who changed his name to Cavendish)
1 2

Hackney Academy
1

Peterhouse, Cambridge
1

accident
1 2

birth
1

character
1

heirs
1

inheritance of landed property from his brother, Henry
1 2

mental incompetence
1

relations with Henry Cavendish
1 2 3

1

Cavendish’s executor and principal heir
1 2

Cavendish’s instruments
1

Cavendish’s library
1 2

Cavendish’s scientific papers
1 2 3

Hackney Academy
1

Holker Hall
1 2

Society of Arts
1

Aepinus’s theory of electricity
1 2 3

Anglo-French triangulation
1 2

Bedford Square, (Figs. 11.5–11.6, 269–270)
1 2 3

Boscovich and Michell, theory of matter
1

Bristol sewage
1

British Museum
1 2 3

Cambridge lectures and textbooks on mathematics and natural philosophy
1 2

Cat & Bagpipes
1

Cavendish experiment
1 2 3 4 5

Charles Blagden, association with
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Chemical Revolution
1 2

Chemische Annalen
1 2 3

Clapham Common house and setting, (Figs. 11.8–11.14, 282–286)
1 2 3 4 5

Clapham Common land developer
1 2

Copley Medal
1

Crown & Anchor
1

Earth-magnetic instruments, (Figs. 8.6–8.7)
1 2

Georgiana, duchess of Devonshire
1 2

Giardini Academy
1 2

Great Marlborough Street: house, apartment, laboratory, and garden at
1 2 3

Hackney Academy, (Fig. 6.1, 124)
1 2

Hampstead, (Figs. 11.1–11.4, 263–266)
1 2

Henrietta Street meeting place
1

Hindu calendar
1 2 3

Holker Hall
1 2 3

Hudson’s Bay experiments
1 2

Industrial Revolution
1

Institute of France
1

Joseph Banks
1 2 3 4 5

King’s Head
1

Kirwan’s criticism answered
1 2

Lavoisier’s anti-phlogistic chemistry and phlogistic chemistry, compared
1 2

Leiden-jar battery, (Fig. 9.5, 216)
1

Mitre Coffee House
1

Monday Club at the George & Vulture, (Fig. 12.7, 313)
1

Newtonian
1

Newtonian indoctrination at Cambridge
1

Newton’s Principia as model for electricity
1 2 3 4

Newton’s authority on theory
1

Newton’s natural philosophy, master of all parts of
1

Ohm’s law
1

Peterhouse, Cambridge
1 2

Rawthmell’s Coffee-House
1 2

Royal Institution
1 2

Royal Society Club
1 2 3

Royal Society Councils
1 2 3 4 5

Royal Society Papers Committee
1

Royal Society auditor
1

Royal Society committees
1

Royal Society dissensions
1 2

Society for the Improvement of Animal Chemistry
1 2

Society of Antiquaries
1 2

Society of Arts
1 2

acids, specific gravities and freezing points of
1 2

action at a distance
1

affinity
1 2

affinity table, (Fig. 14.12)
1 2

air experiments
1 2 3 4

air from distilled substances
1

air from fermented and putrefied substances
1 2

alum works
1

analogies
1 2 3 4

animal and plant substances
1 2

annuity
1

apparatus for adjusting the boiling point, (Fig. 8.5)
1

apparatus in the laboratory, (Figs. 15.3–15.6)
1 2

appearance
1

argon
1

aristocrat in science
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

arsenic
1 2

astronomical observatory
1 2

astronomy
1 2 3 4

atmosphere, composition of
1 2 3 4

atmosphere, researches on
1

attended social dinners with his father
1 2

attraction of mountains, (Fig. 10.2, 249)
1 2

auroras
1

autism
1 2

average climates, temperature of wells and springs
1 2 3

balloons
1 2

biographies of
1 2

biography, difficulty of
1

birth in Nice
1

boiling, theory of
1 2

candor
1

caution
1 2 3 4 5 6

change of state
1 2 3 4

charges of coated plates/Leiden jars, (Figs. 9.11–9.12, 225–226)
1 2

charity
1 2

chemical balance, (Fig. 14.15, 375)
1 2

chemical laboratory
1 2

chemical nomenclature
1

chemical techniques
1 2 3

chemical theory
1 2 3

chemistry, approach to
1 2 3

chronology
1 2

clocks
1

club meeting on the Strand
1

clubs
1 2 3 4

coinage, (Fig. 17.9, 476)
1 2

coldness toward others
1 2

combination of mathematical-theoretical and experimental skills
1

comets and comet paths
1 2

commercial revolution
1

comparison with Black
1 2

comparison with Laplace
1

comparison with Lavoisier
1

comparison with Priestley in chemistry
1

comprehensive researches
1

confidence
1

conservation of energy
1 2 3

conservative
1

contribution to pneumatic chemistry
1

copper smelting
1

correspondent
1 2

country properties in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire
1 2

criticism and reformulation of Lavoisier’s anti-phlogistic chemistry
1

criticism of Lavoisier’s acidifying principle
1 2

death
1

dedication to the Royal Society
1 2 3 4

dephlogisticated air
1 2 3

disorder
1 2

dispersion and refraction of light, experiments on, (Fig.  17.3, 462)
1 2

dividing astronomical instruments, (Fig. 17.4, 467)
1 2

duty of service, public service
1 2 3 4 5

eccentricity
1 2 3 4

elected F.R.S.
1 2

electrical capacities, (Figs. 9.9–9.11, 222, 225)
1 2

electrical conduction and conductivities
1 2

electrical force, law of, (Figs. 9.7–9.8, 219–220)
1 2 3

electrical laboratory
1

electrical machine, (Fig. 9.4)
1 2

electrical potential, the modern concept and Cavendish’s
1

electrical theory
1 2 3 4

electrometers, (Fig. 9.6, 216)
1 2

electromotive force
1

embarrassment
1

encyclopedic knowledge of physical science
1

energy, personal
1

equivalent weights
1 2 3 4

equivalents and standards in coinage
1

equivalents in heat and electricity
1

errors of instruments, observers, and theory, limits of accuracy, precision, exactitude
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

eudiometer, (Figs. 14.1–14.2, 334–335)
1 2 3

excise duty on alcohol
1

extraordinary singularities
1

extreme natural and artificial cold
1 2

factitious air, (Fig. 8.3, 181)
1 2

family trees
1 2

first published research, in Heberden’s paper
1 2

fixed air
1 2

forces, attractions and repulsions, (Fig. 15.2, 401)
1 2 3 4 5 6

funeral
1

geological and industrial chemical experiments
1

geology
1 2

guest of his father’s at the Royal Society
1 2

guests of his at the Royal Society
1 2 3

health
1 2

heat as material fluid
1 2 3 4 5

heat as motion of particles
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

heat of chemical reactions
1

heat theory, why he did not publish it
1 2

heat, experiments on
1 2 3 4

heat, mechanical theory of
1 2 3 4 5 6

heat, weight of
1

heat, why he did not publish his experiments
1 2

heat, why he made a theory
1 2

heights of mountains by the barometer, (Figs. 16.1–16.2, 423–424)
1 2

heirs
1 2

his brain “but a calculating engine,” Wilson’s characterization
1

honourable title
1 2

hygrometers
1 2

hypotheses
1 2 3 4

hypothesis and theory of electricity
1 2

hypothesis and theory of heat
1 2

imponderable fluids
1

importance of his father to his direction in life
1

inflammable air
1 2 3 4 5

instrument collection
1 2

instruments: examination, comparison, and use of
1 2 3

integrity
1

intemperate pursuit of science
1

iron smelting
1 2 3

journeys, industrial and geological
1 2 3

laboratory assistants
1

learning science from the Philosophical Transactions
1 2

leaving home
1 2

library
1 2 3

life of natural philosophy
1 2

light and heat
1 2

light, gravitation of
1

light, theory of
1 2

lightning protection at powder works and magazines
1 2

magnetic dip
1

magnetic variation
1

manufactures
1 2 3

marine acid
1

mathematical instruments and drawings, (Figs. 9.1–9.3)
1 2

mathematical mind
1 2 3

mathematics
1 2

mechanical equivalent of heat
1 2

mercury, freezing temperature
1 2 3

meteorological instruments of the Royal Society
1 2 3 4

meteorological observatory
1

meteorology
1 2

mine descents
1

mineral water
1 2

misogyny
1

music
1 2

national politics
1 2 3 4

natural history
1

natural philosopher, natural philosophy
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

nautical astronomy
1

nervous manner
1

nitrous acid, (Fig. 14.4, 343)
1 2 3 4

nitrous air
1 2

not inventive of new problems
1

objectivity
1

observatory
1

openness
1

particles and forces, view of matter, (Fig. 9.13, 227)
1 2

patience
1

phlogisticated air
1 2

phlogiston
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

phlogiston, renounced
1 2 3

physical approach to chemistry
1

plumbago
1

pneumatic chemistry contributions
1 2 3

poem on Frederick, Prince of Wales
1 2 3 4

portrait of
1 2

principle of partial pressures
1

principles
1 2

productive research, years of
1

qualitative aspect of his researches
1 2

quantitative aspect of his researches
1 2

radiant heat
1

reason
1

reception of his electrical theory
1 2

recognition of central problems of natural philosophy
1

recommendations of F.R.S.
1 2 3 4

recommendations of leading anti-phlogistic chemists for F.R.S.
1

relations to society through science
1

religion
1 2

reluctance to publish
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

reserve
1

rivalry with Black avoided
1

routine
1 2

science as an exclusive interest
1 2

scientific manuscripts
1 2 3 4

self-registering thermometer, (Fig. 8.4)
1

shyness
1

simplicity
1 2

solitary
1

solution of metals in acids, theory of
1 2

specific and latent heats
1 2 3 4 5 6

specific and latent heats, theory of
1 2

specific inductive capacities
1

speech peculiarities
1 2 3

standard of excellence
1 2

standard volume measures for air, (Fig. 14.3)
1

standards
1 2 3 4

steam engines, (Figs. 16.4–16.5, 426–427)
1 2

stones, experiments on
1

strata
1 2 3

strength of will
1

strict reasoning in science
1 2

taciturnity
1

tartar
1

telescopes
1 2

theorist
1 2 3 4 5 6

theory in natural philosophy
1 2

theory of motion
1

thermometers
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

time
1

timidity
1

torpedo, artificial electrical fish, (Fig. 9.14, 232)
1 2

torsion balance, (Fig. 16.8, 437)
1 2

trained in science by his father
1

transit of Venus in 1761
1 2

transit of Venus in 1769
1 2

truth seeking
1

understanding
1 2

universal constants
1

vis viva
1 2

visits to the Grey family
1

voyages of discovery
1 2

water
1 2

water controversy
1 2

way of making a theory
1 2

wealth, (Fig. 17.11, 483)
1 2 3 4

weighing the world
1 2

will
1 2

wind measurer
1 2

1

House of Commons
1

Rawthmell’s Coffee-House
1

scientific interests
1 2 3

Académie d’exercises, Nancy and Lunéville
1

Eton
1

House of Commons
1 2

grand tour
1 2 3 4

military
1 2

1 2 3 4

Hackney Academy
1

Peterhouse, Cambridge
1 2

Cambridge
1 2

Henry Cavendish’s guest at the Royal Society Club
1

1

heat theory
1 2

heat, importance of
1

Royal Society Club
1

recommended Henry Cavendish to the Society of Antiquaries
1

mechanical calculating machine
1

Cambridge
1 2 3 4

Rawthmell’s Coffee-House
1

pupil of De Moivre’s
1

1 2 3 4

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

voyage instructions from Cavendish
1

1

Cambridge
1

pneumatic chemistry
1 2

theory of errors
1

tutor to the duke of Kent’s sons
1

1

difficulty of making repeatable experiments in heat
1 2

1

chemical journal
1 2

water controversy
1 2

assistant to Henry Cavendish
1

1 2 3

affinity table
1

approach to chemistry
1

chemical attraction
1

chemical teaching
1 2

latent heat
1 2 3

library
1

coinage experiments
1

1 2

obituary of Cavendish
1 2

D 

1

Cavendish’s trustee
1

Monday Club
1

Society of Antiquaries
1

dissensions at the Royal Society
1

exactness and error
1 2

instruments
1

legacy from Henry Cavendish
1

library
1

Royal Institution
1 2

atomic theory
1 2

Royal Society
1

Royal Society Club
1

pupil of De Moivre’s
1

specific gravities
1 2

Hindu astronomy
1 2

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1 2

1 2

Cavendish’s instruments and apparatus
1

Royal Institution
1 2

Society for the Improvement of Animal Chemistry
1

consultation with Cavendish
1

heat
1

phlogiston
1

view of Henry Cavendish
1 2 3 4 5 6

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

Cambridge
1

aristocrat in science
1 2

chemistry
1

electricity
1

geological theory
1

height of mountains by the barometer
1

latent heat
1

meteorological instruments
1 2

perfection of instruments
1

theory of boiling
1

touring
1

water controversy
1 2 3

1

Westminster Bridge
1 2

experiments at the Royal Society
1 2

1 2

De Moivre
1

Revolution of 1688–89
1 2

dukedom
1 2

grand tour
1 2 3 4 5

lodestone
1

parliamentary career
1

personality
1

political principles
1

public service
1

1

Foundling Hospital
1

Oxford
1 2

Robert Walpole
1

Royal Society
1

interest in art and science
1

personality
1

political career
1 2

relations with Lord Charles Cavendish
1 2

1

character
1

political career
1

united Boyle and Cavendish families
1 2

character
1 2

disapproval of Henry Cavendish
1 2

omitted from Henry Cavendish’s will
1 2

Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge
1

Henry Cavendish’s scientific papers
1 2

degree of latitude
1 2

transit of Venus in 1761
1

1

pupil of De Moivre’s
1

1 2 3

Newton’s dispersion law, experiments on
1 2

achromatic telescope
1

1

Royal Society
1 2

Society of Arts
1

aristocrat, in science
1

opinion of Lord Charles Cavendish’s scientific skill
1

president of the Royal Society
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

meteorology
1

transit of Venus in 1769
1

E 

F 

heat capacity
1

super-cooled water
1

frozen mercury
1

1 2 3 4

Royal Society
1 2 3 4 5

Royal Society Club
1

Society of Antiquaries
1

eudiometer
1 2 3

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

heat and light
1

nature of heat
1

phlogiston
1

weight of heat
1

Aepinus
1

Monday Club
1

Royal Society
1

Society of Antiquaries
1

Society of Arts
1 2

attraction of mountains
1

cooling by evaporation
1

electrical researches
1 2 3 4 5

lightning committee
1

opinion of Lord Charles Cavendish as experimenter
1 2

1

Cambridge
1 2

Lord Charles Cavendish
1 2

Royal Society
1 2

person and politics
1 2

sponsor of Frederick Cavendish
1

G 

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

affinity table, (Fig. 14.13, 370)
1

affinity table
1 2

rapport
1

Royal Society
1

opinion of the second duke of Devonshire
1

Royal Society
1

opinion of Lords Charles and James Cavendish
1

1

constitutional crisis
1

1

musical academy
1 2

excise duty on alcoholic beverages
1

repetition of Cavendish’s experiment on nitrous; acid
1

weighing the world with Cavendish
1

extreme natural cold
1 2

Rawthmell’s Coffee-House
1

Cambridge textbook
1

British Museum
1

Cambridge
1 2

approach to chemistry
1

new chemistry and nomenclature
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

H 

1 2 3

Cambridge chemical lectures
1 2

Henry Cavendish
1

Royal Society Club
1

Society of Arts
1

affinity table
1

cooling by evaporation
1

guest at Lord Charles Cavendish’s
1

mineral water
1

phlogiston
1

recommended Henry Cavendish for F.R.S.
1 2

1 2 3

chemical attraction
1

earthquakes
1

fixed air
1 2 3 4

instruments and apparatus, inventiveness
1

pneumatic chemistry as a field
1

pneumatic trough
1

state of electrical research
1

1

experimental geology
1

1

Newton
1

Royal Society
1

astronomer royal
1

object of natural philosophy
1

Henry Cavendish’s opinion about
1 2

music
1

volcanoes
1

Cavendish and phlogiston
1

Henry Cavendish’s chemical manuscripts
1

water controversy
1

Chatsworth House, (Figs. 1.6–1.7, 32)
1

Hardwick Hall
1

Henry Cavendish’s electrical papers
1 2

marine chronometers
1

musical experiment
1

Henry Cavendish’s instrument maker
1

Royal Institution
1 2

Society for the Improvement of Animal Chemistry
1

coinage experiments
1 2 3

1 2 3 4

British Museum
1

Cambridge
1

Monday Club
1

Royal Society
1 2 3

Royal Society Club
1

Society of Antiquaries
1

Society of Arts
1 2

close friend of Lord Charles Cavendish’s
1 2

club meeting on the Strand
1

dissensions at the Royal Society
1 2 3

guest at Lord Charles Cavendish’s
1 2

meteorological instruments
1

meteorological observations with Lord Charles Cavendish
1

proposed Henry Cavendish for F.R.S.
1

published research done by Henry Cavendish
1 2 3

recommended Henry Cavendish to the Society of Antiquaries
1

scientific activities
1 2

value of scientific societies
1

prescribed for Henry Cavendish at his death
1

1

electric fish
1

electrometer
1 2

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Institute of France
1

astronomical observatory
1

comets
1

exactness and error
1 2

music
1

telescopes
1 2

weather
1

Henry Cavendish’s German librarian
1

heat as a material fluid
1

frozen mercury
1

tutor to Cavendishes
1

club meeting on the Strand
1

view of Henry Cavendish
1

equivalent weights
1

Henry Cavendish’s death
1

Henry Cavendish’s physician
1 2 3 4

Society for the Improvement of Animal Chemistry
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

dissensions at the Royal Society
1 2

meteorological instruments
1

uses of theory in science
1

club meeting on the Strand
1

Henry Cavendish’s library
1

eudiometer
1

revolution of 1688–89
1

electric fish
1 2 3

Henry Cavendish’s physician
1 2

heat of springs and wells
1

legacy from Cavendish
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

1

accuracy praised by Henry Cavendish
1

freezing point of mercury
1 2

Royal Society dissensions
1 2 3 4

attraction of mountains
1 2 3 4

library
1

meteorology
1

error
1

geological theory
1

natural philosophy as the aim of science
1 2

need for theory in science
1

aerial telescope
1 2 3

music
1

I 

eudiometer
1 2

heat theory
1 2

latent heat
1

J 

1 2 3

Rawthmell’s Coffee-House
1

Royal Society
1 2 3

mathematical friend of De Moivre’s
1

proposed Lord Charles Cavendish for F.R.S.
1

secretary to Thomas Parker, first Earl of Macclesfield
1

tutor to Philip Yorke, first Earl of Hardwicke
1

1

Royal Society
1

indistinct vision
1

meteorology
1

small pox inoculation
1

K 

1

chemistry
1 2 3

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

Foundling Hospital
1

Kent family, (Fig. 1.3)
1

St. James Square
1

Wrest Park, (Figs. 1.4–1.5)
1 2

dukedom
1

grand tour
1 2 3

library
1

music
1

personality
1 2

public office
1 2 3

scientific instruments
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1 2

1

Blagden’s relation with Cavendish
1 2

Cavendish’s politics
1

Cavendish’s rejection of phlogiston
1

affinities
1 2

criticism of Cavendish
1 2

fixed air
1

geological theory
1

meteorology
1 2

phlogiston
1 2 3

water controversy
1

1

British Museum
1

Royal Society Club
1

Society of Arts
1 2

guest at Lord Charles Cavendish’s
1

mariner’s compass
1

L 

Cavendish’s library
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

Henry Cavendish
1 2

electric fish
1

electricity
1

electrometer
1 2

mineral water
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

1 2

calorimetry
1

chemistry
1

compared with Cavendish
1

heat theory
1 2 3

opinion of Henry Cavendish’s experiments
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

water controversy
1

weighing the world
1

Cavendish as theorist
1

1 2

affinities
1 2 3

anti-phlogistic chemistry and the Chemical Revolution
1 2

approach to chemistry
1

calorimetry
1 2

chemical balance
1

comparison with Cavendish
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

theory of acids
1 2 3

view of heat, caloric
1 2 3

water controversy
1 2 3

evaporation
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

calculus
1

vis viva
1 2

view of Henry Cavendish
1

heat as a material fluid
1

affinity table
1

analysis of mineral water
1

approach to chemistry
1 2

Cambridge
1 2

1 2 3

Royal Society
1

Holker Hall
1

House of Commons
1 2

marriage to Lady Elizabeth Cavendish
1 2

1

Cambridge
1

Royal Society Club guest of both Lord Charles and Henry Cavendish
1 2

calculation of errors of time by Lord Charles Cavendish
1

music
1

1

voyage to the North
1

M 

1 2

pneumatic chemistry as a field
1 2

1

Rawthmell’s Coffee-House
1

Royal Society
1

Society for the Improvement of Animal Chemistry
1

assisted by Cavendish
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

1 2

fluxions
1

vis viva
1 2

accuracy praised by Cavendish
1 2

freezing mixtures
1

1 2

affinities
1 2 3

affinity table
1

approach to chemistry
1 2

elements
1

gravitation as chemical force
1 2

heat as a material fluid
1

neutral arsenical salt
1 2

phlogiston
1 2

1

chemical analysis
1

tartar
1

opinion of the second duke of Devonshire
1

acceptance of anti-phlogistic chemistry
1

criticism of Henry Cavendish
1 2 3

Cambridge
1 2

dissensions at the Royal Society
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

1 2

Cambridge
1 2 3

Greenwich Observatory
1

Institute of France
1

Royal Society
1 2

astronomer royal
1

astronomical instruments
1 2

attraction of mountains
1 2

comets
1 2

dissensions at the Royal Society
1

heights of mountains
1

library
1

longitude at sea, nautical method
1

mathematics
1 2

meteorological instruments
1 2

transit of Venus in 1761
1

attraction of mountains
1

degree of latitude
1 2

transit of Venus in 1761
1

British Museum
1

De Moivre
1 2

Royal Society
1

Society of Arts
1

dissensions at the Royal Society
1 2

Royal Society
1

club meeting on the Strand
1

guest at Lord Charles Cavendish’s
1 2

1 2

Cavendish as theorist
1

Henry Cavendish’s electrical papers and researches
1 2 3 4 5

first Cavendish Professor of Experimental Physics, Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge
1

1

Foundling Hospital
1

Royal Society
1

nautical astronomy
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

1 2 3

Cambridge
1 2 3

Henry Cavendish’s guest at the Royal Society Club
1 2

Royal Society
1

astronomy
1

distance and other measures of the fixed stars
1

earthquakes
1 2

friendship with Henry Cavendish
1 2 3

geology
1 2

gravitation of particles of light
1

light-mill experiment
1 2

magnetism
1

music
1 2

natural philosopher
1

particles and forces, view of matter
1 2 3

strata
1 2

telescope
1 2

visited by Cavendish
1 2 3 4

weighing the world
1 2

Cambridge
1

on quantity in science
1

acceptance of anti-phlogistic chemistry
1

heat theory
1

1

Cambridge
1 2

Royal Society
1 2

and Whig aristocracy
1

mathematics teacher
1 2

probability
1 2

relationship to Newton
1 2

on the use of thermometers and clocks in chemistry
1

1

British Museum
1

Royal Society
1

Cambridge textbook
1 2

Leiden jar
1

electric fish
1

N 

1 2 3 4

Henry Cavendish
1

Monday Club
1

Royal Society
1

air pump
1

hygrometer
1

magnetic needle
1 2

1

phlogiston
1 2

1

Hackney Academy
1

1

Hackney Academy
1

Royal Society
1 2

Royal Society Club
1

1

Opticks
1 2 3 4 5 6

Principia
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

air
1

appreciation of limits of accuracy
1

chemistry, physical approach
1 2

criticism and defense of
1 2

density of the Earth
1

dispersion law
1 2

displacement series
1

electricity
1

ether
1

forces and particles
1 2 3

heat of chemical activity
1 2

heat theory
1 2 3 4

hypotheses
1

law of gravitation
1 2 3

light theory
1 2 3

master of the Mint
1 2

mathematics
1 2 3

mistakes
1 2

momentum
1 2

music
1

president of the Royal Society
1 2 3 4 5

reflecting telescope
1

religion
1 2

scientific instruments
1

specific gravities
1

chemical nomenclature
1

nature of heat
1

phlogiston
1

weighing in chemistry
1

O 

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

1

tutor to the first Duke of Devonshire
1

P 

1

extreme natural cold
1

1 2 3

British Museum
1

Copley Medal address on Lord Charles Cavendish
1

Royal Society
1 2

Society of Antiquaries
1

Society of Arts
1 2

aristocrat in science
1 2 3

astronomical observatory
1 2 3

committee of papers of the Royal Society
1 2

patron and astronomical collaborator of James Bradley’s
1 2

proposed Henry Cavendish for F.R.S.
1

proposed Henry Cavendish for membership in the Royal Society Club
1

pupil of De Moivre’s
1

pupil of William Jones’s
1

Society of Antiquaries
1

1 2

alum works, visited by Cavendish
1

attraction of mountains
1

instructions from Cavendish
1

voyage to the North
1 2

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

northern voyage with Cavendish’s instructions
1

1 2

Henry Cavendish’s taciturnity
1 2

attraction of mountains
1

endurance of Newton’s system
1

library
1

object of geology
1

dividing circle
1

dissensions at the Royal Society
1

repetition of the Cavendish experiment using the common balance
1

1 2

Aepinus
1 2

Franklin’s electrical theory
1

Institute of France
1

Leiden jar battery
1

Revolution of 1688–89
1

Royal Society
1 2

affinities
1

chemical apparatus, (Fig. 14.8)
1

common air
1 2 3 4 5

comparison with Cavendish
1 2 3

dephlogisticated air
1 2

electrical experiments
1

eudiometer
1 2

importance of Cavendish’s work on phlogisticated air
1

importance of electricity
1

inflammable air
1 2 3

instruments and apparatus, inventiveness
1

inverse-square law of electrical force
1

mephitic air
1

music
1

national character
1

nitrous air
1 2

optics
1

phlogiston
1 2 3

pneumatic chemistry
1 2 3 4

water controversy
1 2

1

British Museum
1

Monday Club
1

Society of Arts
1

club meeting on the Strand
1

electric fish
1

lightning conductors
1 2

pneumatic chemistry as a field
1

president of the Royal Society
1 2

R 

assessment of Cavendish’s experiments on air
1

inert gases
1

1

approach to making instruments
1

chemical balance
1

dividing instruments
1 2

portable barometer
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

diffraction grating
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

Aepinus’s electrical theory
1

Cavendish’s electrical theory
1 2

club meeting on the Strand
1

Anglo-French triangulation
1 2

Greenwich-Paris Observatory triangulation
1 2

Royal Greenwich Observatory
1 2 3 4

accuracy and error
1 2 3

heights of mountains by the barometer
1

maps of London and England
1 2

shape of the Earth
1 2

Whig martyr
1 2 3 4

phlogisticated air
1

S 

Henry Cavendish as autistic
1 2 3 4 5 6

eudiometry
1

hygrometry
1

radiant heat
1 2

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

touring
1

1

chemical laboratory, (Fig. 14.10)
1

dephlogisticated air
1

discovery of acids
1

radiant heat
1 2

view of Henry Cavendish
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

1

Royal Society
1

Royal Society Club
1

pupil of De Moivre’s
1

admiration for Henry Cavendish’s experimental technique
1

Cambridge
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

1

cooperative observations
1

limits of accuracy
1 2

1

British instrument makers
1

accuracy and error
1

height of mountains by the barometer
1

Newton
1

limits of accuracy
1

British Museum
1

Foundling Hospital
1

Royal Society
1 2 3

library
1

1 2

air pump, (Fig. 14.14, 374)
1 2

dividing circle
1

hygrometer
1

1

Cambridge
1 2 3

music
1 2

optics
1 2 3 4

guest at Lord Charles Cavendish’s
1

recommended Henry Cavendish for F.R.S.
1

1 2 3

chemical approach
1

phlogiston
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Royal Society Club
1

pupil of De Moivre’s
1

1

aristocrat in science
1

dissensions at the Royal Society
1

electrical theory
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

opinion of Henry Cavendish
1

Cambridge
1

guest of Henry Cavendish’s at the Royal Society Club
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

admiration for Cavendish’s experiments on phlogisticated air
1

inert gases
1

1

Society of Antiquaries
1

earthquakes
1

T 

1

heat experiments
1

1 2 3

Institute of France
1

Royal Institution
1 2

heat, importance of
1

1

Cavendish analysis of mineral water
1

Cavendish and Blagden’s relations
1

Cavendish as an honorable man
1

Cavendish’s contribution to pneumatic chemistry
1 2

Cavendish’s criticism of Lavoisier
1 2

Cavendish’s view of phlogiston
1

physical description of Henry Cavendish
1

reception of Cavendish’s electrical theory
1

view of Henry Cavendish
1

1

Henry Cavendish’s electrical papers
1

Cavendish editor
1

view of Henry Cavendish
1

water controversy
1 2

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

on biography
1

dividing instruments
1 2

V 

W 

transit of Venus in 1761
1

meteorology
1

transit of Venus in 1769
1

1

view of Henry Cavendish
1

1

Lord Charles Cavendish
1

political relations with the second duke of Devonshire
1

electric fish
1 2 3

chemistry at Cambridge
1

1 2 3 4

British Museum
1 2 3 4

Foundling Hospital
1 2

Monday Club
1

Philosophical Transactions
1 2

Royal Society
1 2 3

Royal Society Club
1 2

Royal Society dissensions
1

Society of Arts
1 2

club meeting on the Strand
1

electrical conduction across the Thames
1

electrical research
1 2 3

extreme cold
1

friend and collaborator of Lord Charles Cavendish’s
1 2 3

guest at Lord Charles Cavendish’s
1 2

importance of electricity
1

lightning committee
1

natural history
1

opinion of Lord Charles Cavendish’s ability in science
1

plain language in science
1

recommended Henry Cavendish for F.R.S.
1 2

repeatability of experiments
1

Institute of France
1

latent heat
1 2 3

letters of introduction for Cavendish
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1 2

smoke-burning furnace, (Figs. 16.6–16.7, 428–429)
1

specific gravity of steam experiment
1

steam engines
1 2 3

visited by Cavendish
1

water controversy
1 2 3 4

water, composition of
1

dissensions of the Royal Society
1 2

scientific biographies
1

president of the Royal Society
1

Royal Society
1

guest at Lord Charles Cavendish’s
1

recommended Henry Cavendish for F.R.S.
1

heat experiments
1

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1

1

Royal Society
1

Royal Society Club
1

Society of Arts
1

proposed Henry Cavendish for F.R.S.
1

1

Charles Cavendish’s electrical conduction experiment
1

lightning committee
1

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Cavendish and charity
1

Cavendish and religion
1

biography of Henry Cavendish
1 2

phlogiston as vulgar belief
1

scientific biographies
1

view of Henry Cavendish
1 2 3 4 5 6

water controversy
1 2 3

Cambridge
1 2

Henry Cavendish’s guest at the Royal Society Club
1

errors
1

recommended by Henry Cavendish for F.R.S.
1

on biography
1

British Museum
1

Rawthmell’s Coffee-House
1

Royal Society
1 2 3

Royal Society Club
1

Society of Antiquaries
1

recommended Henry Cavendish for F.R.S.
1

recommended Henry Cavendish to the Society of Antiquaries
1

astronomy at Wrest Park
1

tutor of the Greys
1 2

Y 

1

British Museum
1 2

Hackney Academy
1

Thomas Birch
1

Wrest Park
1

1

Royal Institution
1 2

accuracy of Cavendish’s weighing of the world
1

nature of heat
1

physical description of Henry Cavendish
1

theory of light
1

view of Henry Cavendish
1 2 3

Z 

recommended for F.R.S. by Henry Cavendish
1