A biography of Henry Cavendish necessarily takes into account his social position. Both of Cavendish’s paternal and maternal grandparents were dukes and duchesses. The family trees in this appendix begin with the grandparents and their siblings, follow with his parents’ generation and then his own, and end with the one after his. By definition he was related to them all, though in most cases the relationship was not close, and he probably met only a small fraction of them, but because in eighteenth-century England, “family pride was such that members were usually well aware of distinguished connections,”1 he would have known about them. Although he associated mainly with persons drawn from another society, one of his own choosing, that of scientific colleagues, he did not abandon the one he was born into, nor could he have. We recognize his aristocratic roots
John Cannon (1984, 28).
The main sources used in developing the family trees are the following. Printed books such as Burke’s, Cokayne’s, and Debrett’s peerages and the Dictionary of National Biography. Online geneological resources such as “The Peerage.” Wills from the main probate court in England, the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. Memorials: for the Cavendish family, a record of dates of death and ages of members of the family interred by custom in All Saints Church in Derby; for the Grey family, photographs taken inside the Grey Mauseleum in Flitton, Bedfordshire. Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 106th ed. C. Mosley, 2 vols. (Crans, Switzerland: Burke’s Peerage, 1999). George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom: Extant, Extinct, or Dormant, vols. 1–3 (Gloucester: A Sutton, 1982). Debrett’s Peerage and Baronetage (2008). John Charles Cox and William Henry St. John Hope, The Chronicle of Collegiate Church or Free Chapel of All Saints Derby (London, 1881). “The Peerage: A Genealogical Survey of the Peerage of Britain as Well as the Royal Families of Europe,” compiled by D. Lundy (http://www.thepeerage.com). English Heritage, “The de Grey Mauseleum,” (http://www.bedfordshire.gov.uk/CommunityAndLiving/ArchivesAndRecordOffice/CommunityArchives/Flitton/TheDeGreyMausoleumFlitton.aspx). The Cavendish and Grey family trees in this book are improvements of those in Jungnickel and McCormmach (1999).
Table of Contents
Part I: Lord Charles Cavendish
Part II: The Honorable Henry Cavendish
17 Last Years
Appendix I: Family Trees
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